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Zhang Zhujun (female, 1867 ~ 1964), from Da Xiang lane, Shawan Qi Shan village, whose great grand farther Zhang Dacai (Zi Tingmo, Zi Shan) running tea, silk, cloth, carefully educated his nephew Zhang Dianquan (Zi Hengzhong, named Jian Hu); whose grand farther Zhang Dianqiu (Zi Yunzhong, named Bi Dong) was appointed as Anhui Shexian county magistrate and the Department of Shexian Street Division, candidate buzhengsi Daniel, plus four level, awarding Meeting Official, and later as the chief of the Provincial Bureau of Panyu Sha Jiao Bureau Business; whose farther Zhang Shizhen (named Panzao, Zi Dianli, Hao Jixia), was good at calligraphy.


Zhang Zhujun was a smart girl and interested in learning, willing to accept the new things and good at social communication. She studied at Guangzhou Nan Hua Medical School, and then dropped off to study in Xia Ge Female Medical School (later renamed as Xia Ge Hospital), and graduated in 1900. 


In 1901, she established Si Fu Hospital in Liwan District in Guangzhou, later Nan Fu Hospital in Haizhu District, being the first female president to run hospitals for Chinese in Guangzhou. In order to better run hospitals, she had been to Singapore and U.K. for research and studying, and witnessed the miserable situation of thousands of people who died of plague in Singapore. 


In 1903, the cholera epidemic broke out in Guangzhou. She advised the current government that residents should not drink the water from polluted Pearl River and wells, but the water shipped from outskirts of Guangzhou (there was no tap water supplied at that time), and no rotten fruit sold, as well as no filthy vomiting and diarrhea dumped into rivers. Her advices were accepted by the local magistrates in Panyu and forwarded to provincial Viceroy in Guangdong and Guangxi Province. Later the government deployed 4 military ship carriers which containing 40 wood boats to carry clean water for Guangzhou residents. The epidemic was controlled in several weeks.


Zhang Zhujun was an advocate of feminist, created Yu Xian Female School in Guangzhou, and wrote the book Women's Eleven Risks, exposing the unfair situations for women, such as a woman without talent being a virtue in feudal slavery, no right to study, no economic independence, complying with the Three obedience and Four Virtues. She opposed foot binding, against prostitution, and advocated women's liberation. Guangxu three years (1904) in February, the Russo Japanese war broke out, she was assigned with rescuing team, when arriving in Liaodong Peninsula and the war stopped, hence via the exhumation path to Shanghai, and decided to stay in Shanghai, hence being a doctor in Shanghai and set up medical School. At the same year, she participated in the Shanghai International Red Cross as the representative of Guangdong medical industry. Since then, she settled down in Shanghai, and set up the clinics there. In 1905, she and Li Pingshu established the Chinese and Western female medical school, the earliest female medical school in Shanghai, and she served as the Principle. In Xuantong first year (1909), she served as the chief monitor in Shanghai hospital. Three years later, Zhang Zhujun initiated and organized the China Red Cross Association, and at the same year on October 19, it was established. On October 25, she led the Red Cross Ambulance corps with 120 people, taking the Cruise Ship to heal the sick for the Wuchang Uprising army. In 1913, diphtheria epidemic broke out in Shanghai, she went around to fundraise in order to set up epidemic clinics. In 1917 the sixth year of the Republic of China, she launched Jian Hua Yiji hospital. In 1919 the eighth year of Republic of China, Shangdong was in famine, and she went to disaster area in charge of relief work. At the same year, the "Second Revolution" broke out, and she again organized Red Cross to march to the frontline. She was granted a medal, because of her "Outstanding Service" by the current Vice President Li Yuanhong, which was the pioneer in the women¡¯s awarded history. 


In 1926 (the 15th year of Republic of China), a cholera epidemic broke out in Shanghai, in order to solve the overlap of outpatient and inpatient problems, she changed the Jiangmen Hua Yi Ji Hospital into "Hu Xi epidemic hospital" temporarily, and tried her best to increase the patient beds and make the ills stay in hospital as well as burn the the filthy incineration. Finally the epidemic was in control.


In 1926 (the 15th year of Republic of China), a cholera epidemic broke out in Shanghai, in order to solve the overlap of outpatient and inpatient problems, she changed the Jiangmen Hua Yi Ji Hospital into "Hu Xi epidemic hospital" temporarily, and tried her best to increase the patient beds and make the ills stay in hospital as well as burn the the filthy incineration. Finally the epidemic was in control. 


In 1932, the National renowned Shanghai "January 28th" campaign broke out, though in senior age, she still led her assistants to cross the French concession, and saved the injured soldiers back and forth the Maple Bridge until the 19th Route Army evacuated from Shanghai.


She had donated medical applications for dozens of years continuously, and was deeply respected by the public. She didn¡¯t have her own children, but adopted many children and raised them up. 


Zhang Zhujun also actively supported and initiated her teacher Rich Marley (American), the principal of Xia Ge Female Medical School, to build up a chapel for Cantonese who staying in Shanghai, and had donated 5000 yuan for that.


She had devoted her whole life to medical education. And being upstanding and straightforward in her whole life, she died of sickness in Shanghai in 1946.



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